What is Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD)

Do You Have Narcissistic personality disorder ?

by Miyakhel ihsan
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An exaggerated feeling of self-importance and a lack of empathy for others are characteristics of narcissistic personality disorder (NPD), A mental health disease. Individuals with NPD frequently overestimate their own talents and accomplishments and have an overwhelming desire for others’ approval. They could also feel entitled to things and think they are better than other people.

Although the precise causation of NPD is unknown, it is believed to be a result of a confluence of genetic, environmental, and sociocultural variables. According to some study, NPD may be more prevalent in those who suffered from specific kinds of childhood trauma, such as neglect or abuse. The prefrontal cortex, which is important in judgement and social conduct, and other brain regions may differ structurally and functionally in patients with NPD, according to other research.


The symptoms of Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) can be grouped into two main categories: grandiosity and lack of empathy.

Grandiosity symptoms include:

  • An inflated sense of self-importance and a need to be admired by others
  • A belief that you are special or unique and should only associate with other special or high-status people
  • A sense of entitlement and a belief that you deserve special treatment
  • Exploiting others for your own gain
  • Arrogant behavior or attitudes

Related : Effects of Negative Parenting 

Lack of empathy symptoms include:

  • A lack of empathy for others and an inability to recognize or understand the feelings of others
  • Envy of others or a belief that others are envious of you
  • Difficulty forming and maintaining close relationships
  • Being cold, aloof, or dismissive of the feelings of others

The presence of some of these characteristics should not be mistaken with NPD; a mental health professional must conduct a thorough evaluation in order to diagnose the disorder. In order to obtain an accurate diagnosis and offer the best possible care, NPD might co-occur with other mental health illnesses such depression, anxiety, or drug misuse. These symptoms should be assessed by a specialist.


When to seek professional help ?

If you suspect that you or a loved one may have Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD), it is important to seek professional help. Here are some signs that it may be time to see a doctor:

  • You have an overinflated feeling of your own significance and a great need for other people’s approval.
  • You struggle to comprehend or care about the emotions of others because you lack empathy for them.
  • You feel entitled to special treatment and believe that you deserve it.
  • You use others for your own financial benefit.
  • You find it challenging to establish and sustain intimate connections.
  • You display signs of anxiety or sadness.
  • You’ve experienced childhood trauma like neglect or abuse in the past.

A diagnosis of NPD should only be made after all other mental health diseases have been ruled out since NPD can co-occur with other mental health issues.

A full evaluation, which includes obtaining a thorough history of symptoms, can be provided by a mental health expert, such as a psychiatrist, psychologist, or therapist. This examination can also help rule out other potential causes of these symptoms. They can also accurately diagnose the condition and administer the proper care, which may entail both talk therapy and medication.

It’s crucial to bear in mind that NPD can be difficult to cure and that some affected individuals may not recognise they have a problem or may be resistant to therapy. Yet, resolving this illness and raising quality of life requires obtaining expert assistance.

causes of narcicitic personality disorder ?

The exact cause of Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is not fully understood, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic, environmental, and socio-cultural factors. Here are some possible causes of NPD:

  • Genetics: Studies have found that NPD may run in families, suggesting that there may be a genetic component to the disorder.
  • Brain structure and function: Some research has found structural and functional differences in certain areas of the brain, such as the prefrontal cortex, which is involved in decision-making and social behavior, in individuals with NPD.
  • Environmental factors: Childhood experiences, such as neglect or abuse, may contribute to the development of NPD. Some studies have found that people with NPD are more likely to have experienced childhood trauma, such as emotional abuse or neglect, than people without NPD.
  • Socio-cultural factors: Some research suggests that cultural and societal factors may play a role in the development of NPD. For example, some studies have found that NPD is more common in cultures that place a high value on individualism, success, and power.


Early identification and intervention for individuals who may be at risk for developing NPD can help to mitigate its effects. Here are some possible prevention strategies:

  • Identifying and addressing childhood trauma: Children who have experienced neglect or abuse may be at risk for developing NPD, so it’s important to identify and address these experiences as early as possible.
  • Encouraging healthy relationships: Nurturing healthy relationships with family and friends can help to counteract the negative effects of NPD.
  • Promoting self-esteem: Encouraging healthy self-esteem in children and adolescents can help them to develop a more realistic and stable sense of self, which can help to prevent the development of NPD.
  • Raising awareness: Raising awareness about NPD and its symptoms can help people to identify the disorder early and seek help.

You also may like our article regarding OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER


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