What are the main causes of drug addiction in india ?

And how to deal with it ?

by Miyakhel ihsan
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Drug addiction is a complicated and pervasive issue that impacts people, families, and communities everywhere. India is not an exception to this epidemic due to its sizeable population and complex sociocultural dynamics. In India, there are several socioeconomic, psychological, and environmental elements that contribute to drug addiction. This essay seeks to delve into these underlying factors, illuminating the difficulties they provide as well as the underlying causes.

What are drugs ?

Drugs are compounds that can change how the human body, mind, or both function. Based on their results, legality, and intended usage, they can be divided into a number of categories. Drugs can be broadly divided into two categories: legal and illegal. Governments regulate and control legal drugs, however they are not allowed for use with illegal substances.

Two Types of drugs

Legal Drugs:

    • Prescription Medications: Medications prescribed by healthcare professionals for specific medical conditions.
    • Over-the-Counter Drugs: Non-prescription medications available for common ailments, such as pain relievers, cold medicines, etc.
    • Alcohol: Legal substance consumed for recreational purposes but can lead to addiction and health problems if abused.
    • Tobacco: Legal substance found in cigarettes, cigars, and smokeless tobacco products, known for its addictive properties.

Illegal Drugs (Illicit Drugs):

    • Stimulants: Drugs that increase alertness and energy levels, such as cocaine, amphetamines, and methamphetamine.
    • Depressants: Drugs that slow down bodily functions, inducing relaxation, such as heroin, benzodiazepines, and barbiturates.
    • Hallucinogens: Drugs that alter perception, mood, and cognition, leading to sensory distortions and hallucinations, such as LSD, psilocybin mushrooms, and peyote.
    • Cannabis: Illegal in many countries, cannabis (marijuana) is a psychoactive plant known for its mind-altering effects.
    • Designer Drugs: Synthetic substances created to mimic the effects of other illicit drugs, such as synthetic cannabinoids (Spice, K2) or synthetic cathinones (bath salts).

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What are the main causes of drug addiction in india ?

1.Socio-economic Factors:

The socioeconomic environment in India is a major factor in encouraging drug addiction. Existing problems like poverty, unemployment, and limited access to healthcare and education all play a part in this issue. People in impoverished communities frequently use drugs as a coping mechanism for the harsh reality they must face. A vicious cycle of addiction can be exacerbated by people turning to drug misuse for solace due to a lack of job opportunities and unstable finances.

2.Peer Pressure and Social Influence:

Peer pressure is the impact that members of the same age group or socioeconomic class have on one another to conform to particular beliefs, habits, or decisions. It is a strong force that has the ability to greatly influence a person’s thinking and behavior. Peer pressure can take many different forms, including overt coercion, subtle hints, or even just being around people who are acting in a certain way.

Peer pressure is important in the setting of drug addiction. Due to their stage of development and the need to fit in and be accepted, adolescents and young adults in particular are quite vulnerable to peer pressure. Here’s a closer look at how social pressure and peer pressure affect drug addiction

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3.Easy Availability and Accessibility:

The availability and accessibility of drugs in India are major contributors to the prevalence of drug addiction. India’s geographical location makes it vulnerable to drug trafficking, with illegal substances entering the country through porous borders. Moreover, the clandestine production and distribution networks ensure a steady supply of drugs, even in the remotest of regions. The lack of effective law enforcement and the absence of stringent measures to combat drug trafficking further exacerbate the situation.


  • Networks for Supply and Distribution:

Strong networks guarantee a steady supply of pharmaceuticals to match demand, making them easily accessible.

  • Geographical Factors:

India is prone to drug trafficking because of its borders and coastline, which make it simple for drugs to enter and be distributed there.

  • Local Production:

Some drugs are produced locally, increasing availability, especially in outlying or secret locations.

  • Weak Law Enforcement:

Due to insufficient measures to prevent drug production and trafficking as well as corruption, drugs are more easily accessible.

Related : What is the Prevalence of Drug Abuse in India?

4.Cultural and Traditional Practices:

Despite being extensive and varied, India’s cultural and traditional customs can also fuel drug addiction. The use of specific drugs, including cannabis and opium, has been engrained in some rituals and religious events for a very long time. Although these customs may have historical value, they may unintentionally normalize drug use and encourage addiction in some people.

5.Psychological Factors:

The underlying psychological causes of drug addiction are also very important. As a kind of self-medication for underlying mental health issues including anxiety, sadness, or trauma, many people turn to drugs. The problem is made worse by a lack of understanding, the stigma associated with mental illness, and restricted access to qualified care. Without the right intervention and care for the underlying psychological problems, people may descend into addiction.

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6.Lack of Education and Awareness:

The prevalence of drug addiction in India is mostly attributed to insufficient education and awareness campaigns regarding the dangers and negative effects of drug abuse. There is a lot of false information, myths, and misconceptions about drugs, which causes a lack of awareness among the general public. To properly address this issue, comprehensive educational efforts that accurately describe the negative consequences of drugs and encourage healthy lives are important.

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7.Rehabilitation and Aftercare Challenges:

Even when people understand they need rehabilitation, they still face several obstacles in getting the right care and support. A major challenge is the dearth of rehabilitation facilities, particularly in rural areas. Additionally, people are prevented from getting assistance and sustaining long-term recovery by a shortage of qualified experts, a lack of funding, and the shame associated with addiction in society.


A Word From psychology saga

Drug addiction is a complicated problem that is affected by many different things. Socioeconomic inequalities, peer pressure, drug availability, cultural customs, psychological variables, and a lack of education and awareness all play a role in its prevalence in India. A comprehensive strategy is needed to combat drug addiction, including preventive measures, greater mental health assistance, increased access to treatment and rehabilitation facilities, and broad education and awareness campaigns. India can make major advancements in battling drug addiction and encouraging a healthier lifestyle by addressing these root issues.

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