Anxiety disorders – Causes Symptoms and treatment

what are the symptoms of anxiety ?

by Miyakhel ihsan
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Overview 

Anxiety is a typical human emotion that plays an important part in our daily lives. It assists us in responding to hazards and difficulties by triggering our “fight or flight” reaction. However, excessive, ongoing anxiety that starts to affect our ability to function on a daily basis could be a sign of an anxiety disorder. In this blog post, we’ll look at the general signs of anxiety that might appear with different types of anxiety disorders. Individuals can detect these symptoms and seek the proper care for their mental health by being aware of them.

When there is no imminent threat, excessive concern or fear frequently characterizes anxiety disorders. This excessive anxiety might be unreasonable and out of proportion to the situation, which can be quite distressing. People with anxiety disorders frequently experience excessive concern, restlessness, and difficulty relaxing. They could feel on edge all the time, as if something bad or terrible is about to happen. This increased alertness can cause irritation, with people becoming more easily upset or having a lower threshold for annoyance. Since racing thoughts, anxieties, and intrusive thoughts can make it difficult to concentrate on work or conversations, anxiety can also have an impact on attention.

Related : Stress vs. anxiety: Differences, symptoms, and signs

Symptoms of anxiety 

  • Restlessness or feeling on edge
  • Sense of impending danger or doom
  • Increased heart rate
  • Rapid breathing or hyperventilation
  • Excessive sweating
  • Trembling or shaking
  • Fatigue or weakness
  • Difficulty concentrating or mind going blank
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Gastrointestinal (GI) issues
  • Difficulty controlling worry
  • Avoidance behavior

What are different types of anxiety disorder ?

1.Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD):

Chronic and excessive anxiety about a variety of life issues, including work, relationships, health, or finances, is a defining characteristic of GAD. Restlessness, impatience, exhaustion, trouble concentrating, muscle tension, and sleep difficulties are a few symptoms that may be present.

2.Panic Disorder:

Recurrent, unplanned panic attacks, which are severe experiences of terror or discomfort, are the primary symptom of panic disorder. Rapid heartbeat, chest pain, shortness of breath, wooziness, shaking, and a dread of losing control or passing away are just a few symptoms that may be present.

3.Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD): 

Overwhelming social anxiety and extreme self-consciousness are characteristics of SAD. Intense anxiety before or during social encounters, avoiding social gatherings, blushing, trembling, sweating, and difficulty speaking are just a few symptoms that might occur.

Related : How to manage anxiety? Here Are 12 Ways to Cope

4.Specific Phobias:

An overwhelming and unreasonable fear of a certain thing, circumstance, or action characterizes specific phobias. Examples of typical fears include aversion to flying, spiders, heights, or public speaking. From minor pain to severe panic attacks, symptoms might vary.

5.Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD):

Obsessions and compulsions are recurrent, intrusive thoughts and actions that occur frequently and are intended to reduce anxiety. Excessive handwashing, counting, checking, hoarding, and repeating thoughts or pictures are a few symptoms that may be present.

What are the Causes of Anxiety Disorders ?

1.Biological Factors: 

Anxiety disorders can be more common in people due to genetics, chemical imbalances in the brain, and an overactive amygdala (the brain’s fear center). Anxiety is regulated by neurotransmitters like serotonin, norepinephrine, and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA).

2.Environmental Factors: 

Anxiety disorders can be brought on by traumatic experiences like physical or emotional abuse, neglect, or seeing violence. They may also be influenced by long-term stress, significant life events, or a family history of anxiety disorders.

3.Personality Traits: 

The probability of acquiring anxiety disorders might be increased by certain personality qualities, such as a propensity for negative thinking, low self-esteem, or a perfectionistic temperament. Additionally, people who are very reserved or restricted by their disposition may be more prone to worry.

4.Co-occurring Conditions: 

Other mental health diseases including depression, substance abuse, or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) frequently coexist with anxiety disorders. These circumstances can make anxiety symptoms worse and make the whole clinical picture more challenging.

When to Seek Support and how to prevent from anxiety :

1.Psychotherapy: 

Exposure therapy, mindfulness-based therapies, and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) are frequently employed in the treatment of anxiety disorders. Individuals can recognize and change unfavorable thought patterns and behaviors linked to anxiety with the use of CBT. To lessen their anxiety reaction, exposure therapy gradually exposes people to frightening situations or objects. Meditation and other mindfulness-based practices help people become more self-aware and better control their anxiety symptoms.

2.Medication: 

In some cases, medications may be prescribed to alleviate symptoms of anxiety disorders. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), and benzodiazepines are commonly used medications. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the most suitable medication and dosage for an individual’s specific needs.

3.Lifestyle Modifications:

Anxiety management techniques can be greatly aided by adopting healthy lifestyle practices. Anxiety symptoms can be reduced with regular exercise, a healthy diet, enough sleep, and stress-reduction methods like yoga or deep breathing exercises. Avoiding excessive caffeine and alcohol intake is also advisable because these substances might make anxiety worse.

4.Support Network: 

Creating a solid support system of friends, family, or support groups can offer priceless understanding and emotional support. Openly discussing one’s anxiety issues might help lessen stigma and promote a feeling of acceptance and belonging.

5.Self-Care Practices: 

Self-care practices that encourage calmness and self-compassion might be helpful in controlling anxiety. This can involve developing a hobby, exercising self-compassion, establishing limits, and giving priority to self-care activities that make you feel happy and at ease.

6.Stress Management:

Anxiety triggers can be managed by developing efficient stress management skills. This can entail time management, prioritization, task delegation, and learning when to say no. Techniques for reducing stress like mindfulness, writing, or using your creativity can also be beneficial.

A word from psychology saga 

In conclusion, identifying and treating mental health issues require an understanding of the signs of anxiety disorders. The symptoms covered in this blog post, such as feeling anxious, having a sense of impending danger, increasing heart rate, rapid breathing, sweating, trembling, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, sleep disturbances, GI problems, difficulty controlling worry, and the urge to avoid triggers, offer important insights into what it’s like to have anxiety.

Individuals can take proactive actions to get the right support and therapy by being aware of these indicators. It is critical to keep in mind that everyone experiences anxiety differently, and that the severity of the symptoms might vary. A healthcare expert or mental health specialist should be contacted if you or someone you know is experiencing these symptoms and they significantly affect everyday life in order to receive a thorough evaluation and counseling.

Source : What are Anxiety Disorders?

 

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