Teen depression – Symptoms ,causes and prevention

what is teenage depression

by Miyakhel ihsan
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Teen depression is a mental health disorder characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, despair, or a deep sense of emptiness in adolescents, typically between the ages of 13 and 18. It is more than just occasional moodiness or temporary sadness commonly experienced during adolescence. Teen depression involves a prolonged and intense state of negative emotions that significantly impacts a teenager’s daily life and overall functioning.

Teenage depression is a common and serious mental health issue that affects many adolescents around the world. To successfully handle and support teenagers who are suffering from this disease, it is essential to comprehend the idea of teen depression and its ramifications.

Young individuals go through considerable physical, mental, and social changes during adolescence. It is a period of discovery, identity development, and rising independence. It can also be a time when people are more susceptible to mental health problems, such as depression.

Related : What is Depression? Causes, Symptoms, Types & Treatment

Teenage depression is a real mental health issue that needs attention and medical assistance; it is not just a passing phase or the result of hormonal changes. On an adolescent’s general wellbeing, academic achievement, and social interactions, it may have significant and enduring effects.

What are Symptoms of Teen Depression

1.Persistent Sadness:

Teenagers who are depressed may go through extended bouts of melancholy, hopelessness, or emptiness. This state of mind could be irrational and unrelated to any specific scenario or occurrence.

2.Loss of Interest or Pleasure: 

Teens could get disinterested in hobbies, athletics, or socializing that they once found enjoyable. They could isolate themselves socially and withdraw from friends and family.

3.Changes in Appetite and Weight:

Weight gain or loss might result from severe changes in appetite brought on by depression. Teenagers’ appetites may change without obvious cause, either decreasing or increasing.

4.Sleep Disturbances: 

Teenage depression frequently manifests as insomnia or persistent drowsiness. Teenagers may have trouble going asleep, remaining asleep, or they may sleep too much, which frequently results in daytime tiredness.

5.Irritability or Anger:

Teenagers with depression may exhibit irritation or frequently occurring fits of rage. They might be easily irritated, have a short fuse, or act aggressively.

6.Fatigue and Lack of Energy:

Teens with depression frequently describe feeling worn out, low in energy, and generally sluggish. Even everyday tasks can become draining.

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7.Difficulty Concentrating:

Teenagers who are depressed may find it difficult to focus, remember specifics, or make decisions. This may have an effect on both their general functioning and academic achievement.

8.Physical Symptoms: 

Even after being examined by a doctor, some teenagers may continue to have physical symptoms like headaches, stomachaches, or other inexplicable physical concerns.

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9.Feelings of Guilt or Worthlessness: 

Teenagers who are depressed could experience excessive guilt, a sense of worthlessness, or self-blame. They might have erroneous ideas of who they are and what they are capable of.

What are Causes of Teen Depression

1.Biological Factors: 

Some adolescents may be more vulnerable to depression during adolescence due to changes in brain chemistry and hormone imbalances. Another risk factor is a family history of depression or other mental health issues.

2.Environmental Factors:

Stressful life events, such as the loss of a loved one, divorce, academic pressure, bullying, or abuse, can trigger or contribute to teen depression. Conflict within the family or strained relationships with peers can also play a role.

3.Genetic Predisposition:

Some people may be more prone to developing depression due to a hereditary predisposition to the illness. The risk may be affected by specific genes involved in mood regulation and brain function.

4.Psychological Factors: 

Teenagers who struggle with depression may have negative self-perceptions, low self-esteem, or a propensity for excessive self-criticism. Perfectionism, a history of trauma, or high levels of stress might all be factors.

5.Substance Abuse: 

Addiction to substances, such as alcohol and drugs, can worsen or cause depression in youth. Depression and substance misuse frequently co-occur, which can make therapy more challenging.

6.Social Isolation: 

Teen depression can develop and continue as a result of a lack of social support and feelings of isolation or loneliness. Adolescence, a time of tremendous social and emotional upheaval, can make this more difficult.

A word From psychologysaga

Teenage depression is a severe mental health issue that has to be addressed and understood. Teenage depression can be more effectively identified and treated if the symptoms and root causes are understood. Teen depression can be effectively managed and treated with the help of early intervention, appropriate support, and professional assistance, which can enhance general wellbeing and quality of life.

Source : Teen depression – Symptoms and causes

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